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While Haridwar, Prayag and Trimbak-Nashik were part of the territories directly ruled by the British, Ujjain was part of the Gwalior State ruled by the Scindia (Shinde) dynasty.During this time, the Scindias financed half of the event's expenses.Ujjain Simhastha is a Hindu religious mela held every 12 years in the Ujjain city of Madhya Pradesh, India.The name is also transliterated as Sinhastha or Singhastha.These four places, including Ujjain, are identified as the present-day sites of the Kumbh Mela."Kumbh" in its literal English translation means "Pot", which emerged from "Samudra Manthan"(Churning of the Ocean) between Gods and Devils. The Simhastha at Ujjain is an adaptation of the Nashik-Trimbak Simhastha fair to a local festival of uncertain origin.In its current form, it began in the 18th century when the Maratha ruler Ranoji Shinde invited ascetics from Nashik to Ujjain's local festival.The militarized sadhus were disarmed during the British era.
During the British rule, the Ujjain Simhastha was the only Kumbh Mela organized in a princely state.
In response, two companies of the Gwalior Infantry were deployed in Ujjain under the command of Captain Macpherson.
A fenced barrier was constructed in the middle of the shallow river so that the two groups could bathe independently of each other instead of fighting over ceremonial precedence.
A river-side festival, it is celebrated on the banks of Shipra river. The Ujjain Simhastha is held once in 12 years, when the Jupiter is in Leo (Simha in Hindu astrology).
The main snana (bathing ritual) happens on the full moon day in Vaisakha month of the Hindu calendar (April–May).
The Ujjain Simhastha started in the 18th century as an adaptation of the Nashik-Trimbakeshwar Simhastha.